Tuesday, 7 December 2021

Zambian Youths Invest In Environmentally Friendly Charcoal

Gilbert Tembo with Science and Technology Minister
Felix Mutati at the National Innovation Fair.
By Paul Shalala

As the energy crisis hits Zambia, adverts from the power utility Zesco keep being published in daily tabloids, guiding consumers on which towns and areas of the country are likely to be loadshedded.

This has forced Zambians to use charcoal as a back-up energy source.

Making charcoal means cutting down of trees in the wild and almost all charcoal burners do not take part in afforestation programs.

To make matters worse, there is no law or policy in Zambia which compels people to replant trees after felling trees.

This situation has led to the wanton destruction of the forests and protected areas.

The price of charcoal has even reached an all-time high, fetching three times what it was five years ago.

A 50 kilogram bag of charcoal is now selling around K120 and this has become big business for some Zambians.

To mitigate the impact of deforestation, some youths in Zambia are now investing in clean energy sources such as charcoal briquettes which are environmentally friendly and do not emit smoke while burning.

One such youth is Gilbert Tembo aged 34 of Katete District in Eastern Province.

“I invented a coal briquette made from agricultural wastes such as maize combs, groundnut shells, rice husks, soya beans stalks, grass or leaves. It is an alternative energy for charcoal and firewood,” said Gilbert in an interview.

His invention has made him compete at various levels this year and he recently got funded to expand his business.

Some of the charcoal briquettes Gilbert makes

At a Provincial Innovation Fair held in Eastern Province earlier this year, Gilbert pitched his idea and he was selected among five innovators to represent Eastern Province at the National Innovation Fair which took place at Mulungushi International Conference in Lusaka from 4 to 5 November 2021.

“I participated in the National Innovation Initiative contest organized by UNDP, NTBC, PACRA and UNFP in Lusaka. Out of 3,100 applicants, 100 were shortlisted countrywide and I was one of them. 20 finalists are to undergo a business acceleration training. And I found myself amongst the finalists and got awarded a sum of K50,000, plus a breakfast with the Honorable Minister of Science and Technology Mr Felix Mutati at southern Sun Hotel.”

Gilbert’s innovation is smart energy and it fits in well with the resolutions of the recently held United Nations Conference on Climate Change in Glasgow, Scotland where deforestation was pointed out as a major threat to the environment.

Developed countries have pledged millions of dollars to third world countries to fight deforestation.

According to official government statistics, 79% of Zambians both in urban and rural areas use charcoal as fuel for cooking and heating.

To satisfy this huge appetite for charcoal consumption, about 300, 000 hectares of land is lost annually in the country.

To curb this, Gilbert thought of inventing an alternative energy source which is cheap, environmentally friendly and safe as it does not emit harmful gasses when burning.

He adds: “I plan to commercialize and pack in 5, 10 and 50kg bags. This project has the potential to create direct and indirect jobs and it will add value to people’s lives. Climate change is real as evidenced by extreme hotness, floods, poor rain pattern and we need to do something.”

Another youth who is investing in sustainable energy sources is Collins Simfukwe, a 34 year old inventor of Mufulira District on the Copperbelt.

Collins is a former miner who quit his job at Mufulira Mine in order to establish a business to supply smokeless charcoal to clients.

Collins Simfukwe showing one of the machines
he invented at his factory

“I worked in the mines soon after completing Grade 12 but later, I resigned and started working on my own. It was a risk but here iam, am selling these charcoal briquettes to various clients,” said Collins.

When this author visited Collins at his house where he manufactures the charcoal briquettes, he was shocked to see how the small house in Kantanshi Township has been turned into a fully-fledged factory.

All the machines being used there were invented and made by Collins.

He says he started inventing things when he was a member of Junior Engineers, Technicians and Scientists (JETS) in Grade five at Mufulira Basic School.

“JETS took me to South Africa, Namibia and all over Zambia where we attended fairs and showcased our inventions. It is this experience which led me to venture into smokeless charcoal briquettes,” he added.

When making the charcoal briquettes, Collins uses maize cobs, leaves, grass and anything that is thrown around.

In that way, he converts waste into an environmentally friendly energy source which does not release smoke into the atmosphere.

And most of his clients are poultry farmers both in Zambia and abroad.

“Ordinary charcoal emits a lot of smoke but charcoal briquettes do not emit smoke. One briquette burns between seven and 10 hours and poultry farmers in Mufulira, Kitwe, Lusaka and the Democratic Republic of Congo come here to order because they last long.”

With the creation of the Ministry of Green Economy and Environment, Collins is ready to work with government to promote clean energy sources.

He says with the experience he has in producing charcoal briquettes, he can advise the Ministry on better options for energy use.

Collins works with his wife and a relative at their factory which is just in the backyard of their house.

Due to lack of funding, they use domestic electricity for their production and lack of enough space at their house means they cannot expand production.

However, their actions have been noticed by the Mufulira Municipal Council.

Charcoal briquettes which Collins produces

“We will promote what this young inventor has done and we will give him enough land so that he can expand his business,” said Mufulira Mayor Tanaeli Kamanga in an interview.

Another official from the local authority Castro Chisanga, the Director of Public Health, toured the factory to see what Collins is doing

“We are impressed as a local authority, this inventor is using organic waste and he is playing a vital role in conserving the environment. There is rampant deforestation in Mufulira but if this business is promoted, our trees will be spared,” said Mr Chisanga.

A Copperbelt-based environmentalist Lovemore Muma says the two inventors, Gilbert of Katete and Collins of Mufulira, need to form cooperatives and source for funding to expand their businesses.

“These are important inventions which can change the lives of many youths in the country. Let these youths form cooperatives to access funding. That way, they will be able to expand and impact the nation by reducing deforestation which is driven mainly by charcoal production,” said Mr Muma who is also Executive Director of The Earth Organisation.

Mr Muma has urged the two young inventors to work with the Ministries of Small and Medium Enterprises, Green Economy and Environment and Science and Technology to commercialise their inventions.

Sunday, 28 November 2021

From Mango-Selling Girl To U.S. President of Rotary Club in Pentagon

By Paul Shalala

Dr. Grace Mukupa
She grew up in a poor family in Mwanamangala Village in what is now Shibuyunji District of Central Zambia. 

Following the realignments done after the 2011 general elections, Mumbwa District was split into two to create Shubuyunji which was the eastern part of the older district. 

Grace Mukupa was an average village girl who saw poverty with her own eyes and had to do many of those gender roles assigned to girls and women. 

In the morning, her job was to help her grandmother and aunties prepare food for her siblings who would have gone in the field to plough the field with cattle. 

She would then deliver the food to the ‘tired’ siblings and join them in finishing up the work. Later in the day, Grace would pack a dozen or mangoes in a bucket and walk a kilometer to the Lusaka-Mongu road to go and sale to passersby. 

“I would rush to every bus that stopped at Susu Bus Stop and plead with passengers to buy,” said Grace. School was another hustle, she would walk kilometers on foot, and most times without shoes. 

But that did not stop her resolve to become a strong, independent minded individual she has always wanted to be. 

That experience taught her hardwork at a tender age, a lesson she has cherished for the rest of her life. 

Today, that village girl is now the first black person, or as Americans call it the first female woman of color president of the Crystal City Pentagon Rotary Club in the USA. 

Rotary International’s 1.4 million members worldwide seek to improve youth education, peacebuilding, and the elimination of polio. 

Grace’s particular club is located less than 5 miles from the White House and the U.S. Capitol Hill in Washington DC. 

Many events in Grace’s life brought her to where she is today. 

When she wasn’t engaging in the community, Grace enjoyed the company of her grandfather, who assumed the role of her only father figure. 

“My grandfather embodied both compassion and the best kind of pride. It was his deep compassion that drove his spirit of service. 

These were the core values he worked to instill in me and for all those who know me, there is no doubt that I carry his spirit inside of her,” she said in an interview with the author. 

One of the successes Grace scored in the family was to become a cattle herder, a role mostly played by boys due to their lack of fear. 

However, Grace changed that narrative at a tender age. 

After learning how to plow the fields, Grace was appointed the “cowgirl” of the family, a badge of honor which young Grace wore proudly. 

When asked about this Grace said, “I enjoyed looking after the cows more than doing things that girls were supposed to do because I appreciated the beauty of nature and fresh air. I loved to sit on a hill that allowed me to see all the animals and read.” 

A significant turning point in Grace’s life was when she left the mango trees of Zambia to the skyscrapers of Japan with her aunt and diplomat mother. 

While it was certainly different from the village, Grace carved herself out a place in this new world. 

In high school she found her passion for writing, reading, and most of all service. 

She even managed to merge these interests. For instance, after winning a poetry competition, she donated 100% of the funds to Magoye Clinic in Mazabuka District of Southern Province by purchasing beds, bicycles, and equipment to help in the effort to eradicate HIV/AIDs. 

“Some were disappointed in my decision to donate to the clinic rather than directly to impoverished individuals. However, the grant stipulations prohibited me from giving to a single person and I wanted my collections to benefit all the people the clinic served, including my own family back home. I felt that my actions would allow many families to continue benefiting from the clinic.” 

Two years later, Grace visited the clinic, and the Zambian Minister of Health in 1998 attended the gathering. 

The combination of a good education, and a constant desire to read and volunteer, led Grace to attend college in the United States. 

Unfortunately, not long after moving to the U.S., she lost both her beloved aunt and mother. 

With no one to pay for her school, Grace resorted to whatever jobs she could get on campus. 

These jobs included painting, catering, and being a concierge. 

Though after all this, Grace still had no option but to transfer from a private institution to a public university in Connecticut. 

Here she continued to persevere through challenges, and eventually earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Political Science and Journalism. 

She then went on to earn a Master of Business Administration degree and a Doctoral Degree in International Development. 

Throughout her journey, Grace faced many obstacles, including homelessness which meant relying on her creativity and ingenuity to survive. 

Even while attending several school conferences she had no option but to sleep in her car, a hotel simply wasn’t affordable. 

Despite facing adversity, in 2012, Grace received the Fulbright Fellowship from the University of New York at Buffalo. She was the only Masters graduate to do so. 

During her fellowship, Grace researched food security and gender studies in Tajikistan. 

And after leaving Tajikistan, she went on to serve as a Peace Corps Volunteer in North Macedonia. Following her Peace Corps service, Grace settled in Washington, D.C. and worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

“A year after arriving in DC, I became a victim of identity theft, an event that occurred 17 years earlier in 2001, but was about to impact every aspect of my current life. As a result of the theft, that once mango-selling little girl from Zambia, being thrust into a battle for her livelihood against the most powerful nation in the world - the United States of America, the very place I called home. The fight against the U.S. government to regain my identity took over three and a half years,” she disclosed. 

With an incredible amount of legal fees stacking up along the way, she found herself having to beg friends and family for help. Some stood by her side but after her life had been completely flipped upside down, she contemplated ending it all and taking her own life. She remembers frequently crying throughout the fight as she feared the tragedy would never end.
Grace with fellow Rotarians at one of the 
charity events in Arlington, Virginia.

But through all of this, she never stopped volunteering and giving back to the community. 

When the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States, Grace volunteered as an emergency respondent while also working virtually and presenting her work via technology, including to Zambian youth. 

Her hard work and dedication led to Grace being elected president of her Rotary club in July of 2021. 

Although the youngest in her club, she has vowed to add new initiatives and recruit more talented people. 

Thus far, several programs under her leadership, includes funding a school in Senegal, organizing food drives during the 20th anniversary of 9/11 (the terrorist attack in New York City and the Pentagon), providing funds for COVID-19 relief in India, working with local high schools, and reviving the Rotary women voices gatherings. 

She has also invited guests from Malawi and Rwanda to participate in the club activities. 

Asked why she volunteers, Grace responds with: "Service above self matters, and I know what it means to have nothing." 

Her future calling is to amplify youth voices in education in Zambia and empower rural women globally in agriculture. 

She takes her call to action very seriously and leads an ongoing campaign to serve as an example and light the path for others to follow. 

In August 2020, she helped found HERZ in the USA, an international NGO supporting girls' menstrual pads in Mufulira. 

HERZ has a girls ambassador program in which she serves as a mentor and was the keynote speaker at the girl's graduation ceremony on September 11, 2021. 

The Ambassadorship program saw the graduation of 20 young African women who were empowered with the skills and resources to make a holistic change in their communities as advocates for Menstrual Health Hygiene Management in Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Zambia. 

“Since 2017, I have been a pro bono consultant for the Matala Women Farmers Association in Mumbwa and we work in areas such as education, health, gender empowerment, and farming. 

I also researche and review grant application documents for associations,” said Grace. Two weeks ago when I briefly posted on my social media accounts that I will be profiling Grace on my blog, I got reactions from several sectors. 

One of them is from the Rotary Club in Zambia. 

“Perhaps, the achievements of Rotarian Grace Mukupa marks the ideals of a true Changemaker. We are proud to see a Rotarian from Zambia breaking the moulds far away," said Victor Mensah, the Governor of District 9210 which oversees Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. 

Mr Mensah further congratulated Grace saying: “We look forward to more fellowship and collaborations between Rotary Club of Crystal City-Pentagon and clubs in Zambia.” 

Back in America, fellow Rotarians have nice reviews of how Grace has been leading the Rotary Club of Crystal City-Pentagon since election recently. 

In emailed statements, this is what they said. 

“Grace is a breath of fresh and vivacious air for Rotary. She is a tireless worker, a uniter and a fighter for what is right. She embodies all of the best of Rotary and is exceptional at bringing to light what is missing or simply outdated. We are so very, very lucky to have her as our leader,” said Susan Sheets, the Club’s Secretary. 

Marta Pentassuglia a Rotarian from Italy and who deputies Grace, had all the praises for her. 

“Despite the trying times due to the pandemic crisis, using her talents, expertise, style, smile, joy, and, last but not least, leadership, Grace has been and still is a gift to our Club and to the world. She embodies the soul of Rotary: transforming the lives of others, turning dreams into reality, and having fun,” said Marta. 

John Mason, a retired US military veteran had this to say: “Dr. Grace Mukupa is a very good friend of my family and has become an "Aunty" to our 9 year old daughter. I joined the Pentagon City Rotary club as she became the President knowing that her leadership and her strong desire to involve the Rotary Club in charitable events would make my membership worthwhile.” 

John adds: “She is a wonderful role-model for my daughter both in her role as Rotary club president and as a member and active participant in our Church. I know my daughter pays attention seeing Grace perform as Lectern, Choir Member, Children's time presenter, and as a Lecturer to a group of High School children. She is known as "Amazing Grace" for her rare combination of faith in our Lord, compassion and concern for others above herself, work ethic, and self-determination to succeed.” 

But to us who know her from the old Mumbwa, we know he as a village girl, one who left the poverty of Mwanamangala Village to pursue her dream. 

My late father who is now 10 months old in Grave, was Headmaster at Chabota Primary School upto 1989, a school where Grace did her Primary studies. 

It was during those years when I knew Grace, though she was older than me and was much closer to my older sister Nawa and older brother Sepiso, they still keep in touch to this day.

Grace inspires us who grew up in villages, those of us who did not have the luxury of going through pre-school, those of us who did not have three meals per day. 

Her success in the USA is an example to every struggling child in Sikongo, Senga Hill, Mugubudu, Mapanza and Rufunsa that there is a better day if you apply your potential fully.

Saturday, 27 November 2021

John Sakala: The Journalist Who United Politicians On The Copperbelt

John Sakala's final resting place at
Chingola Central Cemetry
 By Paul Shalala

 At a time when journalists are aligning themselves to politicians for them to gain favours and collect Blalizo (money), the late John Chinya Sakala was doing the opposite.

 The 46 year old Chingola-based journalist aimed at bringing politicians together and provide a level playing field for them to offer constructive and issue-based politics.

 Here on the Copperbelt, John formed The Independent Observer (TIO) which is an online newspaper.

 He grew TIO, employed a number of young journalists, some of whom have moved on to other media institutions.

 Apart from the newspaper, John formed WhatsApp groups one for business and the other for politics where he brought together various people from the Copperbelt.

 TIO Politics was the most prominent of them and it brought various players who debated issues with sobre minds.

 "We thank Mr Sakala for having formed TIO Politics. There we discuss various issues, we relate as brothers and sisters and we co-exist. As admins of that group, we shall continue to run that group because Mr Sakala wanted politicians to work together whether we are from PF, UPND, Rainbow or MMD," said Humphrey Kabwe during burial at Chingola Central Cemetery on 18th November, 2021.

 Another politician who remembers John Sakala dearly is Derricky Chilundika, the Luapula Province Minister who is also Nchanga Member of Parliament in Chingola.

 Among the many platforsm Mr Chilundika used while in opposition was TIO.

 One of the persons I would joke with : Jagaban! Jagaban! Germany made Solar water pump, Wuta wan'gombe, Wuta wan'gwena so we could joke. A mulamu and friend, Jagaban! Jagaban! An open person who knew how best to share his challenges and an advisor you were,”wrote Mr Chilundika. 

 He says he received a lot of advise from John on politics and this helped in changing his political life.

 “But today you are no more and we are putting you to rest. John you have gone too soon but we leave everything in God's hands because he is the one who gave you unto us and he has taken you away from us. To Him alone be the glory and honor in Jesus name.” 

Testimonies from politicians who were helped by John are many.

The author ans some of the journalists from across
 the Copperbelt who attended the buria
l

 Another politician who has explained how helpful Mr Sakala was in his political journey is former Bupalo Ward Councillor in Chingola Nelius Mumba .

 In his Facebook posting shortly after Mr Sakala died on Tuesday, Mr Mumba said this:

 “When i joined PF in 2015 and participated in a number of political for a, one thing John talked to me almost every day was to have patience to respond to provocations and reduce tempers. This is one of the teachings which this man John Chinya Sakala has taught me that i will continue to remember him,”said Mr Mumba.

 He says he maintained a close relationship with John and they were in touch whether for politics or personal issues.

 “John would call me whenever he missed my calls. He introduced me to so many politicians and businessmen through my interactions i had with him. My journey as Bupalo Ward Councillor since 2016 until this year when i decided to go for independent as Chingola Mayor, he supported me and helped created my ‘Nelius Mumba for Chingola Mayor’ Facebook page.”

 Immediate past Chingola Mayor Titus tembo also has his reflections on the late John Sakala.

 “I knew John Sakala way back from the time he used to work for Times of Zambia, from that time until the time he became the Director for his own newspaper TIO, Mr Sakala was a good friend and I worked with him during my tenure of office without any problem, he always wanted to see things move smoothly,” he said in an interview with TIO.

 For over four months, Mr Sakala battled kidney failure in various hospitals on the Copperbelt and he died in the Kitwe Teaching hospital on 16th November, 2021 and was buried at the Chingola Central Cemetery two days later.

 At his funeral, the Northern Region Media Club, the Chingola Press Club and the Ndola Press Clubs issued statements to praise the role he played in their establishment.

 “Mr Sakala did his best to establish the Chingola Press club but it is unfortunate that he has died before it is officially launched,”said Namutenga Sakapila who spoke on behalf of the club.

 Other journalists remembered Mr Sakala as a champion of entrepreneurship journalism.

 “When others were looking for jobs, Mr Sakala was setting up The Independent Observer to create jobs for other journalists. The only way we can emulate his legacy is to ensure we work on the ideals he stood for,” said Clinton Masumba who spoke on behalf of the Northern Region Media Club.

In an unprecedented move, the United States Embassy in Zambia issued a statement on John's death.

This just shows how appreciated he was by stakeholders.

 Mr Sakala battled with kidney failure for over four months moving from one hospital to the other.

 In September 2021 I visited him in Chililabombwe were he was admitted in a hospital and he was kind enough to allow me witness as he was going through dialysis.

 It was an emotional moment for me but John kept assuring me that he will be well.

 “Paul this is now my daily food. I go through dialysis almost every day and each session costs me K1, 800. It has not been easy for me and the family,” he told me.

 That was the last time I saw John alive but we continued speaking on phone on several occasions.

 He left behind a wife and three children.

 I will miss John a lot, his death is painful.